Web Only / Features » December 12, 2017
Meet the European Petrochemical Giant Trying to Profit from the Fracking of Pennsylvania
The controversial Mariner East 2 pipeline would carry gas liquids for plastics production overseas.
Ineos’s pro-fracking agenda has spawned a citizen movement in Europe, where residents are fighting to prevent the company’s plans to frack the United Kingdom.
It seems that every week brings more bad news about the construction of Sunoco’s Mariner East 2 pipeline. While Pennsylvania communities, water protectors and landowners fight to stop the project, a larger question remains: What is this massive, dangerous pipeline actually for? The one word answer might surprise you: plastics.
The Mariner East 2 won’t carry “natural gas” for heating your house or operating a stove. It will transport highly volatile liquids that will mostly be shipped overseas to be turned into plastics by a giant chemical corporation with a terrible environmental record.
In other words, Sunoco and its parent company Energy Transfer Partners are putting Pennsylvania communities at risk—from the immediate negative impacts of fracking in the western parts of the state, to the long-term risks to families living near the 350-mile pipeline—in order to supply a giant corporation making plastic pellets, many of which wind up littering shorelines across Europe.
My organization, Food & Water Watch, has been digging deep into Ineos, the massive chemical conglomerate profiting from the fracked gas liquids out of Pennsylvania. Ineos founder and chairman Jim Ratcliffe amassed his petrochemical empire in short order, thanks to risky bets and highly leveraged takeovers and acquisitions. The Mariner East 2 pipeline represents one more dangerous Ineos “innovation”—it delivers fracked hydrocarbons to the Marcus Hook facility near Philadelphia, where they are loaded onto the company’s “dragon ships” headed to facilities in Scotland and Norway.
Turning fossil fuels into plastic is a dirty business. The company’s 71 facilities across 18 countries are responsible for a vast array of accidents, chemical leaks, fires and explosions, and substantial air and climate pollution. This appalling record includes a towering chemical fire in Germany, toxic air pollution in Scotland and plastic pellets littering the oceans.
The Mariner East 2 project is, at every step along the way, a disaster for clean air, clean water and a livable planet. But a big picture assessment of the damage it will do is not part of the debate over this project, and there is little doubt that Energy Transfer Partners and Ineos would like to keep it that way. If residents of Pennsylvania found out that local fracking was fueling a resurgence in European petrochemical manufacturing, even more of them would be compelled to join the growing opposition to these risky, climate-wrecking projects.
This kind of mobilization is already happening elsewhere. Ineos’s pro-fracking agenda has spawned a citizen movement in Europe, where residents are fighting to prevent the company’s plans to frack the United Kingdom. The company remains committed to their dirty goal, going so far as to pursue an astonishing legal injunction intended to stifle England’s anti-fracking movement. The company’s efforts are not stopping citizens from speaking up, and some European political leaders are calling for a ban on fracking, which is obviously bad news for Ineos.
Unfortunately, Pennsylvania’s Democratic Governor Tom Wolf has not shown the same courage. Even though Sunoco’s pipeline drilling has been a series of disasters—from drilling fluid spills to punctured aquifers—Wolf has not taken action to protect Pennsylvanians. In one of his few public comments about the project, Governor Wolf declared that pipelines like this are necessary to “live the life we want.”
For most of us, “the life we want” does not mean building a pipeline full of explosive liquids near schools and homes. It does not include delivering air and water pollution to our neighbors in western Pennsylvania. And it certainly does not include more petrochemical pollution and plastic trash littering our oceans.
Thanks to grassroots opposition, direct action and legal challenges, the Mariner East 2 pipeline is already way behind schedule. But once you consider the damage it will inflict if it is ever functional, delays aren’t enough. It must be stopped.
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Wenonah Hauter is the founder and executive director of Food & Water Watch and Food & Water Action Fund. Wenonah has three decades of experience campaigning and writing on food, water, energy and environmental issues. She has trained and mentored hundreds of organizers and activists across the country and worked at the national, state and local levels to develop policy positions and legislative and field strategies to secure real wins for communities and the environment.